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Common Name: Borage
Latin Name: Borago officinalis
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BOOF all of lower Canada, Alaska, Washington, Oregon, Utah, California, Montana, N. Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, Tennessee, Ohio, W. Virginia, Virginia and north to Maine.
Warnings: The plant, but not the oil obtained from the seeds, contains small amounts of pyrrolizidine alkaloids that cause cause liver damage and liver cancer. These alkaloids are present in too small a quantity to be harmful unless you make borage a major part of your diet, though people witn liver problems would be wise to aviod using the leaves or flowers of this plant.
Edible Uses: Leaves – raw or cooked. They can be used as a pot-herb or be added to salads. They are also added whole as a flavouring to various drinks such as Pimms and wine-based drinks. The leaves are rich in potassium and calcium, they have a salty cucumber flavour. Very hairy, the whole leaves have an unpleasant feeling in the mouth and so they are best chopped up finely and added to other leaves when eaten in a salad. The leaves should always be used fresh, because they lose their flavour and colour if dried. Flowers – raw. They are used as a decorative garnish on salads and summer fruit drinks. The flowers are very nice, both to look at and to taste with a sweet slightly cucumber-like flavour. A refreshing tea is made from the leaves and/or the flowers. The dried stems are used for flavouring beverages. The seed yields 30% oil, 20% of which is gamma-linolenic acid. Total yields are 0.35 – 0.65 tonnes per hectare. Unfortunately, the seed ripens intermittently over a period of time and falls from the plant when it is ripe, this makes harvesting the seeds in quantity very difficult. An edible blue dye can be obtained from the flowers. It is used to colour vinegar
Foot Notes: all http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Borago+officinalis
Common Name: Osha, Porter’s Lovage, Colorado Cough Root
Latin Name: Ligusticum filicuimum, L. grayi and L porteri
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIFI Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Utah and Colorado (Ligusticum filicuimum)