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Medical disclaimer: always check with a physician before consuming wild plants, and make positive identification in the field using a good source such as Medicinal Plants of the Mountain West.  Michael Moore also has a glossary of medical terms in his books, and maps in later editions. ) 
Common Name: Fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scambled Eggs,
Latin Name: Corydalis aurea, C. solida
Family: Fumariaceae
< http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COAU2
All States west of the Mississippi R. except Louisiana and Kansas; east of the Mississippi R.- Wisonsin, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, W. Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, New Hamshire; also found in Alaska; in Canada; British Columbia to Quebec, Northwest Territory and Yukon (Corydalis aurea)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COSO6 Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont; in Canada-Ontario (Corydalis solida)
Photos: Corydalis aurea Corydalis solida
Warnings: Corydalis species are potentially toxic in moderate doses – Corydalis aurea; The plant is poisonous – Corydalis solida.
Common Name: Scambled Eggs, Golden Corydalis(Corydalis aurea)
Appearance and Habitat:
A soft plant, the stems weakly erect or supported by vegetation or rocks, with bilateral yellow flowers in racemes shorter than the leaves.
(1) Talus slopes, ledges, rocky hillsides, forest clearings, open shores, creek bottoms, gravel pits, road cuts, and burned-over areas, in losse often gravelly soil at elevations of 100 – 3400 meters in N. America. Found mainly in the west and central areas, from Alaska to California, also east to New York. An annual/biennial growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). It is hardy to zone 6. It is in flower from Apr to May.  (2)This plant has succulent stems that radiate from a small root. The dissected leaves are bluish-green to bluish-gray. The flowers appear pea-like and mature into long pods similar to beans. The plant is rarely over 1 foot tall. It can be found in Arizona and New Mexico northwards at elevations of 2,000 to 10,500 feet. Although stands are common, it sometimes is found as a solitary plant. (3)
Edible Uses: None
Medicinal Uses: A tea made from the plant is used in the treatment of painful or irregular menstruation, diarrhoea, bronchitis, heart diseases, sore throats and stomach aches. Externally, it is used as a lotion on backaches, hand sores etc and as a gargle for sore throats. Caution is advised in the use of this plant, see the note above on toxicity.
(5)Collect the root and plants. For the plants, ties them into small bundles, no more than a 1/2 inch in diameter. place them in a shady location to dry that gets good airflow. For the roots, place them in a cheesecloth pocket in the shade to dry that gets good air flow. The plant and root contains several alkaloids including corydaline, corypalmine and protopine. This herb is best in combination with with other herbs that are a sedative, such as Skullcap or Valerian. In combination it will help treat nervousness, or hysteria that results in shakes or twitching, however too much of it will cause these same symptoms. It inhibits platelet aggregation, so much so that if you are taking antioxidants, garlic, vitamin E, CoQ-10, aspirin or Omega 3 it may cause nosebleeds. For tinctures use 1 part fresh plant to 2 parts vodka (reduced to 50%) or for the dried plant use 1 part plant to 5 parts vodka (reduced to 50%) and take 10 – 30 drops of the tincture in frequent small doses. It works best with 1/2 teaspoon of other sedatives mentioned above.  (6)
Foot Notes:
Foot Notes: (2 , 4, 5 )http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Corydalis+aurea
Foot Notes:
(3, 6 ) Medical Plants of the Moutain West2nd Edition, by Michael Moore, pages 96-97; Publisher: Museum of New Mexico Press, Copyright 2003, ISBN: 978-0-89013-454-2
Common Name: Fumewort (Corydalis Solida)
Appearance and Habitat:
Woods, hedgerows, meadows, orchards and vineyards, usually on stony soils avoiding calcareous soils. Europe, naturalized in Britain. A perennial growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in). It is hardy to zone 6 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 7-Mar It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June.
Edible Uses: Root – boiled. Rich in starch. Some caution is advised, there is a report that the plant is toxic.
Medicinal Uses: Fumewort has been used as a painkiller in Chinese medicine for over 1,000 years. The tuber is anodyne, antibacterial, antispasmodic, hallucinogenic, nervine and sedative. It is used internally as a sedative for insomnia and as a stimulant and painkiller, especially in painful menstruation, traumatic injury and lumbago. It is also used for lowering the blood pressure. Research suggests that it also has an action in the thyroid and adrenal cortex. The tuber should not be prescribed for pregnant women. The tubers are harvested when the plant is dormant and are dried for later use.


Common Name: Hop Tree, Wafer Ash, Common Hoptree
Latin Name: Ptelea trifoliata
Family: Rutaceae
All States east of the Mississippi R., all States along the west bank of the Mississippi R., plus Nebraska to Texas, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona and Utah; in Canada; Ontario and Quebec.
Photos: Ptelea triboliata
Appearance and Habitat: Aromatic shrub or small tree with a rounded crown. The trunk is slender and crooked, bearing interwoven, as axcending branches. Bark crushed foliage, and twigs have a slightly lemonlike, unpleasant musk oder. Trifoliate, deciduous leaves with leaflets on a petiole up to 2 inches long, the terminal leaflet up to 2 1/2 inches long, obovate, tapering more gradually to the base than to the tip, midrib of lateral leaflets off center. Leaves are dark-green in summer, turning yellow in fall. Flowers small, greenish white, in clusters among the leaves, appearing in April. Fruit distinctive, waferlike samara with broad wings, approximately 7/8 inch long by 3/4 inch wide. This widespread species includes many varieties with leafets of differing sizes and shapes. The common name refers to a reported use in earlier days of the bitter fruit as a substitute for hops in brewing beer. The bitter bark of the root, like other aromatic barks, has been used for home remedies. The northernmost New World representative of the Rue (Citrus) family. (1) Moist places, rocky slopes, edges of woods, alluvial thickets and gravels. It is found in many different soil types in Eastern N. America – Quebec and New York to Flordia, west to Texas and Kansas. A deciduous tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen from Oct to November. (2)This is a large shrub or small tree that grows in the middle altitudes of Arizona, Nevada and New Mexico, Utah and Colorado. Look for it in the upper Juniper/pinyon and lower ponderosa belts, betwen 4,000 and 8,000 feet. The leaves are trifoliate that are dusty-green, blue-green and the undersides of the leaves are lighter in color. The limb bark is reddish-brown in most areas, but can be olive or brown-green in moist areas.(3)
Warnings: This species can cause photosensitization of the skin. (4)
Edible Uses: Fruit. A very bitter flavour, though it is eaten by young children. The fruit is also used as a hop substitute when making beer and it is added to yeast to make it rise more quickly when making bread. The fruit is produced abundantly in Britain, though very little of it is fertile. The fruit is very thin and about 25mm long. (5)
Medicinal Uses: The root-bark is anthelmintic, antibacterial, antiperiodic, stomachic and tonic. It has been mixed with other medicines in order to give added potency. It has a soothing influence on the mucous membranes and promotes the appetite, being tolerated when other tonics cannot be retained. It is also taken in the treatment of intermittent fevers such as malaria, heartburn, roundworms, pinworms and poor digestion. Externally it is applied to wounds. The roots are harvested in the autumn, the bark peeled off and dried for later use. The roots are a tonic, used in the treatment of asthmatic breathing, fevers, poor appetite etc. The leaves are said to be useful in the treatment of wounds and also in the destruction of intestinal worms. (6)  Collect the root bark and tree bark in late fall and collect the leaves in late summer.  Dry the seeds and leaves in the shade, this is one that you could place them in a paper bag.  With the seeds and leaves, once they are dry, use 1 part seeds, bark and leaves to 32 parts of water, bring to a boil for 10 minutes, then strain the leaves, bark and seeds out.   Then  return the volume to 32 parts.  You can take one to 3 ounces  up to 3 times a day. For the root bark and tree bark, dry it in a cheesecloth pocket in the shade, in a place where it will get air circulation.   Once dried it can be tinctured at a rate of 1 part dried plant to 5 parts 65% alcohol.  When the tincture sits for a week, you can take 10 to 30 drops up to 3 times a day.  The leaves and fruit make an good bitter tonic for treating chronic poor digestion.  For the stomach tonic use a teaspoon of the leaves and seeds, bring to almost a boil, and sip it slowly before a meal.  The leaves can also treat roundworms and pinworms by drinking the tea with1 to 2 tablespoons of dried leaves made into a cup of tea until symptoms end.  This treatment may not be suitable for children since the oil in the plant may cause nausea.   You can use tincture for asthma, though it is a remedy that may take a week or more to have an effect.  For use for asthma make a tincture of 1 part fresh plant to 2 parts alcohol and take 10 to 20 drops up to 4 times a day. (7)
Foot Notes: (1) http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=PTTR
Foot Notes: (2 , 4, 5, 6 )http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Ptelea+trifoliata
Foot Notes:
(3, 7 ) Medical Plants of the Moutain West2nd Edition, by Michael Moore, pages 129 – 132; Publisher: Museum of New Mexico Press, Copyright 2003, ISBN: 978-0-89013-454-2

Reproduced, in part, (as well as previous postings under this title) in accordance with Section 107 of title 17 of the Copyright Law of the United States relating to fair-use and is for the purposes of criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.