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Common Name: Fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scambled Eggs,
Latin Name: Corydalis aurea, C. solida
Range:< http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COAU2 All States west of the Mississippi R. except Louisiana and Kansas; east of the Mississippi R.- Wisonsin, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, W. Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, New Hamshire; also found in Alaska; in Canada; British Columbia to Quebec, Northwest Territory and Yukon (Corydalis aurea)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COSO6 Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont; in Canada-Ontario (Corydalis solida)
Photos: Corydalis aurea Corydalis solida
Warnings: Corydalis species are potentially toxic in moderate doses – Corydalis aurea; The plant is poisonous – Corydalis solida.
Common Name: Scambled Eggs, Golden Corydalis(Corydalis aurea)
Appearance and Habitat: A soft plant, the stems weakly erect or supported by vegetation or rocks, with bilateral yellow flowers in racemes shorter than the leaves. (1) Talus slopes, ledges, rocky hillsides, forest clearings, open shores, creek bottoms, gravel pits, road cuts, and burned-over areas, in losse often gravelly soil at elevations of 100 – 3400 meters in N. America. Found mainly in the west and central areas, from Alaska to California, also east to New York. An annual/biennial growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). It is hardy to zone 6. It is in flower from Apr to May. (2)This plant has succulent stems that radiate from a small root. The dissected leaves are bluish-green to bluish-gray. The flowers appear pea-like and mature into long pods similar to beans. The plant is rarely over 1 foot tall. It can be found in Arizona and New Mexico northwards at elevations of 2,000 to 10,500 feet. Although stands are common, it sometimes is found as a solitary plant. (3)
Edible Uses: None (4)
Medicinal Uses: A tea made from the plant is used in the treatment of painful or irregular menstruation, diarrhoea, bronchitis, heart diseases, sore throats and stomach aches. Externally, it is used as a lotion on backaches, hand sores etc and as a gargle for sore throats. Caution is advised in the use of this plant, see the note above on toxicity. (5)Collect the root and plants. For the plants, ties them into small bundles, no more than a 1/2 inch in diameter. place them in a shady location to dry that gets good airflow. For the roots, place them in a cheesecloth pocket in the shade to dry that gets good air flow. The plant and root contains several alkaloids including corydaline, corypalmine and protopine. This herb is best in combination with with other herbs that are a sedative, such as Skullcap or Valerian. In combination it will help treat nervousness, or hysteria that results in shakes or twitching, however too much of it will cause these same symptoms. It inhibits platelet aggregation, so much so that if you are taking antioxidants, garlic, vitamin E, CoQ-10, aspirin or Omega 3 it may cause nosebleeds. For tinctures use 1 part fresh plant to 2 parts vodka (reduced to 50%) or for the dried plant use 1 part plant to 5 parts vodka (reduced to 50%) and take 10 – 30 drops of the tincture in frequent small doses. It works best with 1/2 teaspoon of other sedatives mentioned above. (6)
Foot Notes: (1)http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=COAU2
Foot Notes: (3, 6 ) Medical Plants of the Moutain West2nd Edition, by Michael Moore, pages 96-97; Publisher: Museum of New Mexico Press, Copyright 2003, ISBN: 978-0-89013-454-2
Common Name: Fumewort (Corydalis Solida)
Appearance and Habitat: Woods, hedgerows, meadows, orchards and vineyards, usually on stony soils avoiding calcareous soils. Europe, naturalized in Britain. A perennial growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in). It is hardy to zone 6 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 7-Mar It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June.
Edible Uses: Root – boiled. Rich in starch. Some caution is advised, there is a report that the plant is toxic.
Medicinal Uses: Fumewort has been used as a painkiller in Chinese medicine for over 1,000 years. The tuber is anodyne, antibacterial, antispasmodic, hallucinogenic, nervine and sedative. It is used internally as a sedative for insomnia and as a stimulant and painkiller, especially in painful menstruation, traumatic injury and lumbago. It is also used for lowering the blood pressure. Research suggests that it also has an action in the thyroid and adrenal cortex. The tuber should not be prescribed for pregnant women. The tubers are harvested when the plant is dormant and are dried for later use.
Common Name: Hop Tree, Wafer Ash, Common Hoptree
Latin Name: Ptelea trifoliata
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PTTR All States east of the Mississippi R., all States along the west bank of the Mississippi R., plus Nebraska to Texas, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona and Utah; in Canada; Ontario and Quebec.
Photos: Ptelea triboliata
Warnings: This species can cause photosensitization of the skin. (4)
Edible Uses: Fruit. A very bitter flavour, though it is eaten by young children. The fruit is also used as a hop substitute when making beer and it is added to yeast to make it rise more quickly when making bread. The fruit is produced abundantly in Britain, though very little of it is fertile. The fruit is very thin and about 25mm long. (5)
Foot Notes: (1) http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=PTTR
Foot Notes: (3, 7 ) Medical Plants of the Moutain West2nd Edition, by Michael Moore, pages 129 – 132; Publisher: Museum of New Mexico Press, Copyright 2003, ISBN: 978-0-89013-454-2