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Medical disclaimer: always check with a physician before consuming wild plants, and make positive identification in the field using a good source such as Medicinal Plants of the Mountain West.  Michael Moore also has a glossary of medical terms in his books, and maps in later editions. ) 

#123
Common Name:  Carveseed, Rabbitguts,Peanut-Butter Plant
Latin Name: Glyptopleura marginata
Family: Asteraceae
Native American Name: Cumi-segee (Paiute)
(1)
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/nameSearch?keywordquery=GLMA2&mode=symbol
California, Arizona, Nevada, Idaho, Utah and Oregon.
Photos: Here

Appearance and Habitat: An annual growing from 1669 feet to 6890 feet, in desert regions. Native to western North America.(2) (looking at the photos, it appears somewhat gray-green, the leaves are long heavily serrated, almost thistle-like in appearance. The flowers are yellow or white, daisy-like with blunt or serrated petal ends and are also a good method to show appearance. )
Warnings: None
Edible Uses: Leaves eaten raw, are deliciously like peanut butter greens.  The underside of the plant looks like Rabbitguts and gives it another common name. (3)Leaves and stems eaten raw.(4)
Medicinal Uses: None Known
Foot Notes:
(1, 3) Indian Uses of Native Plants
by Edith Murphey, page 23, Publisher: Meyerbooks Copy right 1990; ISBN 0-916638-15-4

Foot Notes: (2)http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-taxon=Glyptopleura+marginata
Foot Notes: (4)http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Glyptopleura+marginata
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#124
Common Name: Sedge
Latin Name: Carex arenaria, C. rostrata, C. stricta
Family: Cyperaceae
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CAAR16
Oregon, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware and North Carolina (Carex arenaria)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CARO6  All of Canada, Alaska, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Minnesota, Wisconsin and Illinois (Carex rostrata)

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CAST8 All States east of the Mississippi, except Florida, all States along the west bank of the Mississippi, plus North Dakota to Kansas, Texas and Wyoming (Carex stricta)
Warnings: None
Photos: (Click on Latin Name after Common Name.)
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#124(a)
Common Name: Sand Sedge (Carex arenaria )

Appearance and Habitat:
Sandy sea shores, expecially on fixed dunes and wind-blown sand in Coastal areas of Europe, including Britain, the Black Sea, Siberia and N. America. A perennial growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 2 m (6ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone 7. It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen from Jul to August.
Edible Uses: Root – cooked. Seed. No further details are given, but the seed is small and fiddly to use.
Medicinal Uses: The root is diaphoretic and diuretic. An infusion has been used in the treatment of bronchitis and catarrhs, abdominal and stomach disorders, liver complaints, arthritis and rheumatism and skin conditions such as eczema and pruritus. It has been used as a substitute for the tropical plant sarsaparilla. The root is harvested in the spring and dried for later use.
 http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Carex+arenaria

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#124(b)
Common Name: Beaked Sedge (Carex rostrata aka C. utriculata)

Appearance and Habitat:
This is a 1-4 ft., light green sedge with a loosely clumpy growth form. Leaves and culms arise from stolons and a short rootstock. Shiny culms are thick and spongy with grayish to reddish sheaths at the base. Culms are shorter than the uppermost leaves but the leaflike bracts are longer than the inflorescence. The topmost, staminate spikes are erect and narrow; the lower pistallate spikes are cylindrical and droop with age. Swollen beaked sedge is a perennial.  (1)  Open swamps, wet thickets, marshes, sedge meadows, bogs, fens, stream, pond and lakeshores from sea level to 3500 meters. North America – Newfoundland and southwards. A perennial growing to 1.2 m (4ft). The seeds ripen from Jul to August. (2)
Edible Uses: The pith of the stem can be eaten raw or cooked. It has a sugary taste. Root and tuberous stem bases – cooked. Eaten by children. Seed. No further details are given, but the seed is small and fiddly to use.  (3)
Medicinal Uses: None
(4)
Foot Notes:
(1)http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=CARO6
Foot Notes: (2 , 3, 4 ) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Carex+utriculata
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#124(c)
Common Name: Tussock sedge, Upright sedge (Carex stricta aka C. elata)
Appearance and Habitat: A slender, 1-3 ft. grass-like plant with a cluster of brown seed capsules clinging high on the stem. Stems bearing greenish or brownish spikes of inconspicuous flowers above dense tufts of grass-like leaves. Green leaves are exceeded by the stem in height. Forms large tufts or hummocks to 3 ft. wide. The easiest way to recognize this sedge is by its distinctive, elevated tussocks (dense tufts) in open wet areas. It grows abundantly, often in seasonally flooded sites. 
(1)By fen ditches and in wet places by rivers and lakes in base-rich soils. Most of Europe, including Britain, south to Algeria and east to the Caucasus. An evergreen perennial growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 1.5 m (5ft in). It is hardy to zone 7. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from Jul to August. (2)
Edible Uses: Root – cooked. Seed. No further details are given, but the seed is small and fiddly to use. 
(3)
Medicinal Uses: None
(4)
Foot Notes:
(1)
http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=CAST8

Foot Notes: (2 , 3, 4 )http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Carex+elata

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#125
Common Name: Maravilla, Colorado Four O’clock
Latin Name: Mirabilis multiflora
Family: Nyetaginaceae
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=mimu
California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and Texas
Photos: Here
Appearance and Habitat: Vibrant deep pink, broadly tubular flowers bloom in 5-lobed cups growing in leaf axils of this bushy plant. The repeatedly forked stems of this perennial, forming stout, leafy clumps 18 in. high and up to 3 ft. wide. Flower stems are solitary in leaf axils and in clusters at the ends of branches. Large, showy, five-lobed, magenta-purple flowers, open in late afternoon and closing in the morning. The foliage is dark green. (1)  Hillsides and mesas, often amongst rocks and shrubs. Gravelly or sandy soils, pinyon-juniper woodlands, ponderosa pine forests at elevations of 300 – 2300 meters in Southern N. America – Texas to Colorado and Utah. (2)This bush vine blooms for at least half the year with enough rainfall. The blossoms are tubular, flaring at the ends like petunias and form clusters of 3 to 6 flowers. The leaves are smooth, opposite and heart shaped. The root is quite often huge in circumference, sometimes more than a foot. The root is covered with a rough brownish-gray bark while the pith is cream colored with what appears to be small crystals. The taste of the root is pleasantly acrid that is slightly numbing, but in a few seconds the after taste is peppery. It is found in the foothills from 2,500 feet to 7,500 feet. When you find one you will find more, as they are widely dispersed, yet abundant in some locations. (3)
Warnings: None (4)
Edible Uses: The dried root can be ground into a powder, mixed with cereal flours and used to make bread. This bread is eaten to reduce the appetite. (5)
Medicinal Uses: The root is used in the treatment of stomach complaints. A pinch of the powdered root is said to relieve hunger, it can also be used after overeating to relieve the discomfort. A poultice of the powdered root can be applied to swellings. Large quantities of the root are said to cause intoxication. The root was chewed by native North American Medicine men to induce visions whilst making a diagnosis. (6)Collect the root at any time, but especially in the early fall while the plant is still in flower. The large root may go deeper than 3 or 4 feet in the ground and you probably won’t get it all, which is OK, as it will grow back next year. The root can be dried in the cheesecloth pocket that is hung in the shade, but divide it up as small as you can lengthwise. They become quite tough when dry. This is one of the few Four O’clocks with medical uses. Use a teaspoon full, chewed or boiled in water for tea to depress an appetite. It works by mildly elevating the blood sugars while numbing the stomach. The root is a local analgesic used to reduce pain from inflamed joints, tendons, menstrual cramps and that pain in the small of your back after working, powder it and mix with water. Hopi medicine men use it to induce trance states. They take 1/2 ounce to an 2 ounces in boiled water, the side effects are immense flatulence, cramping, watery stools, thirty to 60 minutes of gaiety, followed by several hours of slurred speech and muscular lethargy.(7)
Foot Notes:
(1) http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=MIMU
Foot Notes: (2 , 4, 5, 6  )http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Mirabilis+multiflora
Foot Notes: (3, 7 ) Medical Plants of the Moutain West2nd Edition, by Michael Moore, pages 159- 60 Publisher: Museum of New Mexico Press, Copyright 2003, ISBN: 978-0-89013-454-2

Reproduced, in part, (as well as previous postings under this title) in accordance with Section 107 of title 17 of the Copyright Law of the United States relating to fair-use and is for the purposes of criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.
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