Artennaria corymbosa, Artennaria howellii, Artennaria microphylla, Corn Mint, edible mint, field medicine, home remedies, Indian Mint, medical cat's paw, medical Pussy Toes, Mentha arvensis, Mentra canadensis, militia supply, natural antiseptic, natural astringent, preppers plants, repel mosquitoes, stomach anesthetic, tonsillitis treatment, treat delayed menstruation, treat hepatitis, treat liver inflammation, treat sore throats, treatment for indigestion, treatment of bronchitis, vaginitis douche
Common Name: Cat’s Paw, Life-Everlasting, Pussy Toes, Mouse Ear
Latin Name: Antennaria gaertn, A. aromatica, A. corymbosa, A. dioica, A. geyeri, A. howellii, A. lanata, A. microphylla, A. parvifolia,
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ANTEN Main database, all of North America.
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ANAR10 Alberta, Montana and Wyoming. (Antennaria aromatica)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ANCO > Alberta, Saskatchewan, and all States west of the Rocky Mountains, except Arizona. (Artennaria corymbosa)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ANGE3Washington, Oregon, Nevada and California. (Antennaria geyeri)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ANHO all of lower Canada, Northwest Territories, Yukon, (and States north of )California, Idaho, Colorado, Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Tennessee and N. Carolina (Artennaria howellii)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ANLA3British Columbia, Alberta, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana and Wyoming (Artennaria lanata)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ANMI3 Alaska, all States west of the Rocky Mountains, plus Nebraska, N and S. Dakota, Minnesota-In Canada-Quebec to British Columbia, Nunavut to Yukon (Artennaria microphylla)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ANPA4Michigan, Minnesota, (all States west of) N. and S. Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas, In Canada- Ontario to British Columbia. (Artennaria parvifolia)
(Antennaria corymbosa) (Antennaria dioica) (Antennaria geyeri) (Antennaria howellii) (Antennaria lanata) (Antennaria microphylla) (Antennaria parvifolia)
Appearance and Habitat: Mountain grassland, heaths, dry pastures and woodland edges, ususally on calcareous soils. Northern and central Europe, including Britain, to Siberia and W. Asia. An evergreen perennial growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 0.6 m (2ft). It is hardy to zone 5 and is not frost tender.
Edible Uses: none
Medicinal Uses: Catsfoot has been little used in herbal medicine though it was once used in mixtures for the treatment of bronchitis and bilious conditions. The whole plant is antitussive, astringent, cholagogue, discutient, diuretic and emollient. The plant is very rich in mucilage which makes it very valuable in the treatment of chest complaints. It is also used in the treatment of liver and gall bladder complaints, hepatitis and diarrhoea. Externally it is used as a gargle for treating tonsillitis and as a douche for vaginitis. The herb is gathered in May before it comes into flower and can be dried for later use.
Appearance and Habitat: From a small, grayish basal rosette rises an erect, sparsely-leaved flower stalk with clusters of small, rayless, whitish flower heads. Some plants in this species produce seed in the usual manner, by fertilization of eggs in the ovary; others do not require fertilization. The tightly clustered basal leaves and the near absence of dark bases on the bracts of the flower heads help distinguish Nuttalls Pussytoes from other members of this large genus. (A. parvifolia)(1) This plant forms densely hairy little mats of basal leaves and 4 to 6 inch flower stalks. The mats are silvery gray, the flowers are clustered at the top of the hairy stem, the colors range from white to gray, to pink in higher altitudes. In the west it is found in most stands of pine and spruce up to and above the timberline. In it’s northern reaches (Alberta-Montana) it grows in valleys floors. The leaves are pointed oval. The plant spreads itself by stolons and you can transplant lateral runners that have roots found in the wild.(2)
Medicinal Uses: Collect the whole plant when in flower including the root and dry it in a cheese cloth pocket hung in the shade. The tea of Cat’s Paw is an excellent remedy for mild recurrence of hepatitis or for liver inflammation. It is also very useful as an astringent for intestinal irritations, however it functions only in the upper tract and when problems occur below that, it can be used as an enema. To make the tea use a tablespoon of the dried plant, chopped and steeped in a pint of water. The same tea can be used as a douche for vaginitis. The tea can be sipped for a sore throat. (3)
Foot Notes: (1) http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=ANPA4
Foot Notes: (2, 3 )Medicinal Plants Of the Mountain West by Michael Moore, 1st Edition, page 53 , publisher: Museum of New Mexico Press ; copyright 1979.
Common Name: Poleo Mint, Indian Mint, Corn Mint, Horse Mint
Latin Name: Mentha arvensis, Mentra canadensis
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MEAR4 all States except Hawaii, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida and S. Carolina. All of Canada except Nunavut.
Photos: (Mentha arvensis)( Mentha canadensis)
Appearance and Habitat: Dense whorls of tiny, white, pale pink, or lavender, bell-shaped flowers nearly hidden by the opposite leaves in hairy leaf axils on the square stems of a branched, minty-smelling plant. One of the few native mints, this aromatic perennial has glands containing essential oils, and the leaves are used as flavorings in sauces, jellies, and beverages. The 4-lobed and nearly symmetrical clusters of flowers along the stem distinguish this so-called true mint from many others that have flowers in slender spikes at the stem tips or in upper axils. (1)Moist places at low to moderate elevations in N. America – New Brunswick to Manitoba, British Columbia, Virginia, New Mexico and Nevada. A perennial growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in). It is hardy to zone 4 and is not frost tender. (2) A typical mint, with square stems, leaves in pairs, and with a creeping root stalk, which is the main form of propagation. For practical purposes, this is the only native mint in the United States. In some ways it is the most distinctive and delicious smelling of all the mints. The scent is a cross between Peppermint and Pennyroyal. The leaves are slightly notched, frequently downy, and relatively smooth leaved. The plant is a light green in sunny locations and a darker green in shady locations. The height varies from a foot to 3 or 4 feet. There are two characteristics that easily distinguish it from the more common naturalized mints. First, the plant does not flower in terminal spikes, but in the axils of the leaves. Second, Poleo mint frequently branches, especially in late summer or in drier stream beds. It is a highly variable plant, changing subtly from watershed to watershed. When collecting include the stems, as they are just as aromatic as the leaves. It can be found at 2,500 feet to 10,000 feet. (3)
Warnings: Although no records of toxicity have been seen for this species, large quantities of some members of this genus, especially taken in the form of the extracted essential oil, can cause abortions so some caution is adviced. (4)
Edible Uses: Leaves – raw or cooked. Fragrant and pleasant tasting, the leaves are used as a flavouring in salads or cooked foods. A herb tea is made from the leaves. (5)
Medicinal Uses: American wild mint, like many other members of this genus, is often used as a domestic herbal remedy, being valued especially for its antiseptic properties and its beneficial effect on the digestion. Like other members of the genus, it is best not used by pregnant women because large doses can cause an abortion. A decoction of the ground leaves and stems is used to treat feelings of nausea. The tea is also used in the treatment of colds, fevers, sore throats, gas, colic, indigestion etc. The leaves are harvested as the plant comes into flower and can be dried for later use. The essential oil in the leaves is antiseptic, though it is toxic in large doses. (6) Above all, it is a stomach anesthetic and tonic. It is useful for colic, indigestion, and dizziness from indigestion. It can be steeped, using a tablespoon full in a cup of water and sipped slowly. It also makes an excellent sun tea, brewed with fresh leaves or dried leaves and stems. The active ingredient, besides a large amount of menthol, is terpene pulegone which is also found in Pennyroyal. Because of the terpene pulegone it can be used to stimulate scanty or delayed menstruation. Terpene pulegone repels mosquitoes, so the fresh leaves can be rubbed on the skin to prevent bites. (7)
Foot Notes: (1)http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=MEAR4
Foot Notes: (2, 4, 5, 6 )http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Mentha+arvensis+villosa
Foot Notes: (3 , 7 ) Medicinal Plants Of the Mountain West by Michael Moore, 1st Edition, page 131-32, publisher: Museum of New Mexico Press ; copy right 1979 ISBN 0-89013-104-X
This is my favorite mint, it can be used to line bread pans and give the bread a very delicate taste. A leaf or two in hot chocolate is a dream come true. It contains the highest menthol of any mint, and can turn straight tobacco to menthol.