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Before consuming wild plants, contact your doctor to make sure it is safe, and make positive identification in the field using a good source such as Medicinal Plants of the Mountain West.  Michael Moore’s books contain an excellent glossary of medical terms, as well as maps. )
Common Name: Indian Cabbage, Golden Prince’s Plume  Prince’s Plume, Desert Prince’s Plume
Latin Name: Stanleya pinnata, S. albescens, S. elata
Family: Brassicaceae (Mustard family)
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=STPI  all states west of the Rocky Mountains, excluding Washington, plus Texas, Kansas, Nebraska, N and S. Dakota (Stanleya pinnata)
Photos:  (Click on latin name after range)
Common Name: Golden Prince’s Plume, Indian Cabbage (Stanleya pinnata)
Appearance and Habitat: Golden prince’s-plume is a graceful, desert perennial. Its leaves are mostly basal on low, branched, sub-woody crowns. The towering flowering stalks are 5-6 ft. tall and bear racemes of bright-yellow flowers. The flowers are reminiscent of cleomes or spider flowers. Stem  leaves are lance-shaped and pinnately divided. Slender wands of yellow flowers top tall, stout, smooth, bluish-green, leafy stems. This is a conspicuous and beautiful wildflower in the arid West, its flowers generally standing above any nearby shrubs. All other species have yellow flowers without hairs except White Desert Plume (S. albescens), which has hairs on the inside of its white petals. It occurs from northeastern Arizona to west-central Colorado and northwestern New Mexico. (1) Seleniferous soils, desert slopes and washes to 1500 meters in South – western N. America.   A perennial  growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.4 m (1ft 6in). It is hardy to zone 7. It is in flower from Jul to September. (2) The plant has a large bunch of basal leaves of cabbage texture and can be seen for miles because of its plume of golden yellow flowers. (3)
Warnings: None
Edible Uses:  The leaves are useful when cooked, however the water it is boiled in must be changed at least twice before it is safe to eat. (4) Seed – cooked. It is used as a piñole. The seed can be parched, ground into a powder and used as a mush. Young leaves and stems – cooked. A cabbage-like flavour, they can be quite bitter at first but changing the water once or more whilst cooking removes the bitterness. Used in the spring. Changing the water also removes many of the vitamins and minerals.(5)
Medicinal Uses: A decoction of the root has been used as a tonic to treat general debility after an illness.  The pulped root can be placed on the gum or in a tooth cavity in order to relieve toothache.   It can also be applied externally as a poultice to relieve earache and rheumatic pain. A poultice of the mashed root has been applied to the throat to treat throat pain and is also used to treat the congestion of diphtheria. A poultice of the plant has been applied to glandular swellings. The powdered plant has been applied as a specific to scraped syphilitic sores. A poultice of the freshly chewed seedpods has been used to treat itches. (6)
Foot Notes: ( 3, 4) Indian Uses of Native Plants by Edith Murphey, page 23    Publisher: Meyerbooks Copy right 1990; ISBN 0-916638-15-4
Common Name: White Prince’s Plume (Stanleya albescens)Appearance and Habitat: Seleniferous soils, 1200 to 1500 meters in Arizona – Southwestern N. America.  A perennial and hardy to zone 7.
Warnings: None
Edible Uses: Seed – cooked. It is used as a piñole. Young leaves and shoots – cooked. Used as cooked greens in the spring.
Medicinal Uses: None
Common Name: Panamint Prince’s Plume (Stanleya elata)Appearance and Habitat: Desert washes and slopes, especially in seleniferous soils, 1300 – 2200 meters in California. 
Warnings: None
Edible Uses: Seed – cooked. It is used as a piñole. Young leaves and stems – cooked. A rather bitter flavour, they are washed with cold and boiling water several times before being eaten in order to reduce this bitterness. This treatment will also remove many of the vitamins and minerals.
Medicinal Uses: None
Common Name: Curly Dock, Yellow Dock,  Lengua de Vaca, Narrow Dock, Sour Dock
Latin Name: Rumex crispus
Family: Polygonaceae Native American Names: Pawia (Paiute), Woosia (Shoshone), Modup (Washoe), Matoa koa ksi (Blackfeet) (1)Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RUCR all of N. America and Hawaii (Rumex crispus)

Photos: (click on latin name after range)
Appearance and Habitat: A common plant found nearly world-wide.  The characteristics are its long curly leaves, long stemmed, and a foot or more in length at ground level. The leaves are alternate becoming smaller along the 2 to 3 foot stem and the many clsters of three winged flowers and  seeds.  It is green in summer, gradually becoming striking dark rust red in the fall.   The  root is carrot like, sometimes branching, and reddish brown on the outside, and yellow to orange inside.  It can be found in dried ditches, sumps, roadsides, and streams for sea level to 9,000 feet. (2)
Warnings: Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many members of this genus an acid-lemon flavor.  Perfectly alright in small quantities, the leaves should not be eaten in large amounts since the oxalic acid can lock-up over nutrients in the food, especially calcium, thus causing mineral deficiencies.  The oxalic acid  content will be reduced if the plant is cooked.  People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition. (3)
Edible Uses: The fresh leaves should not be eaten due to their oxalic acid content. They can be simmered in water that has been drained twice in order to leach away most of this constituent. (4) Leaves – raw or cooked. They can also be dried for later use. The leaves can be added to salads, cooked as a potherb or added to soups. Only the very young leaves should be used, preferably before the stems have developed, and even these are likely to be bitter. If used in early spring and in the autumn they can often be fairly pleasant tasting. The leaves are very rich in vitamins and minerals, especially iron and the vitamins A and C. A nutritional analysis is available. Stems – raw or cooked. They are best peeled and the inner portion eaten. Seed – raw or cooked. It can be used as a piñole or can be ground into a powder and used as a flour for making pancakes etc. The seed is very fiddly to harvest and prepare. The roasted seed has been used as a coffee substitute. (5)
Medicinal Uses: Curled dock has a long history of domestic herbal use. It is a gentle and safe laxative, less powerful than rhubarb in its action so it is particularly useful in the treatment of mild constipation. The plant has valuable cleansing properties and is useful for treating a wide range of skin problems. All parts of the plant can be used, though the root is most active medicinally. The root is alterative, antiscorbutic, astringent, cholagogue, depurative, laxative and mildly tonic. It used to be sold as a tonic and laxative. It can cause or relieve diarrhoea according to the dose, harvest time and relative concentrations of tannin(astringent) and anthraquinones (laxative) that are present. It is used internally in the treatment of constipation, diarrhoea, piles, bleeding of the lungs, various blood complaints and also chronic skin diseases. Externally, the root can be mashed and used as a poultice and salve, or dried and used as a dusting powder, on sores, ulcers, wounds and various other skin problems. The root has been used with positive effect to restrain the inroads made by cancer, being used as an alterative and tonic. The root is harvested in early spring and dried for later use. Some caution is advised in its use since excess doses can cause gastric disturbance, nausea and dermatitis. The seed is used in the treatment of diarrhoea. A homeopathic remedy is made from the fresh root, harvested in the autumn before frost has touched the plant. It is only used in the treatment of a specific type of cough. (6) A cleansing herb that is used as a laxative to treat constipation, liver problems, and arthritis. Also used to clear chronic skin problems. In traditional medicine, the root was used as a remedy against internal parasites (tapeworm and roundworm). The whole plant is used for vascular disorders and internal bleeding. Applied externally to ulcers, boils, and tumors. (7)The root mashed into a pulp and applied to sores and swellings. The mashed root can also be used for animals to help saddle sores. (8) Plants growing in water are useless, in a meadow or dry area they are much better. Always pick them in the fall, October or November (the later the better) and leave 1/2 inch of vegetation on the root.  The darker the yellow the stronger the root. The activities of the root are due to the yellow substances, both chrysophanic acid and emodin.  Its primary uses are for constipation, blood disorders, skin diseases, rheumatism, and indigestion.  It was formerly used to slow intestinal cancer.   For liver congestion or  for poor digestion of meats or dairy products, a teaspoon of the chopped root can be boiled in water and drunk both morning and afternoon.   For post- hepatitis flare ups and tablespoon the the chooped root boiled in water and sipped on during the day for 3 to 4 days.  The tea of the root does have a mild laxative function, but should not be taken for a long term as the body will become addicted to needing help.  (9)
Foot Notes: (1, 8)  Indian Uses of Native Plants by Edith Murphey, page   43, 49,    Publisher: Meyerbooks Copy right 1990; ISBN 0-916638-15-4
Foot Notes: (2, 9) Medicinal Plants Of the Mountain West  by Michael Moore, 1st Edition, pages 164- 66 , publisher:  Museum of New Mexico Press ; copy right 1979  ISBN 0-89013-104-X
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