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Before consuming wild plants, contact your doctor to make sure it is safe, and make positive identification in the field using a good source such as Medicinal Plants of the Mountain West.  Michael Moore’s books contain an excellent glossary of medical terms, as well as maps. )
Warning: Plants For A Future website is running out of money, which means in the future when I post data from that website you may not be able to verify the information.  Go to the website and read the appeal.  Some of you are aware that I have already gone to 180 plants, it is just a matter of time and re-formating the information.
These are the plants listed for help during a nuclear event, I took them out of order, in posting because of the possiblity of nuclear war.  On this post I will cover what I can from this link.   http://www.pakalertpress.com/2010/07/21/survive-anything-chapter-1-nuclear-attack/ This is Part I, Part II will carry Elderberry, Catclaw, and Nettle.
#51 Common Name: Ground Plum
Latin Name: Astragalus spp.
Family: Leguminosea
USDA Main Database: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ASTRA I’ve never seen a database this big for any plant!!
 
#51(a)
Common Name: Groundplum, Milkvetch
Latin Name: Astragalus crassicarpus
Family: Leguminosea ( Fabaceae on USDA website)                         
 Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ASCRP All States in the Rocky Mountains, plus South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma (A. crassicarpus)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ASCRB Texas (A. crassicarpus berlandieri)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ASCRC (Arizona, New Mexico (A. crassicarpus cavus)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ASCRC3 western lower Canada, Rocky Mountain states to the Mississippi River excluding Louisiana, but plus Wisconsin.  (A crassicarpus crassicarpus)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ASCRP Rocky Mountain states plus S. Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma (A. carricarpus paysonii)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ASCRT Illinios, Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, Lousiana, Oklahoma, Texas (A. crassicarpus trichocalyx)
Appearance and Habitat: Prairies and plains in Western N. America – Eastern Rocky mountains and eastward to Nebraska.  A perennial growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). It is hardy to zone 7. 
 Warnings:  Many members of this genus contain toxic glycosides.  All species with edible seedpods can be distinguished by their fleshy round or oval seedpod that looks somewhat like greengage.  A number of species can also accumulate toxic levels of selenium when grown in soils that are relatively rich in that element 
 Edible Uses: The thick fleshy unripe seedpods, which resemble green plums, are eaten raw or cooked.  They are highly esteemed.  The pods are about 25mm in diameter.
Medicinal Uses: A compound decoction or infusion of the root has been used to treat fits and convulsions and has been used on bleeding wounds.  It has also been taken or used externally as a stimulant.
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#51(b)
Common Name: Canadian Milkvetch
Latin Name: Astragalus canadensis
Family: Leguminosae
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=asca11  All States except Arizona, Alaska, Hawaii, Florida, Maine, New Hampshire, Massachuesetts, Rhode Island and most of Canada.
Appearance and Habitat:  Shores and rich thickets.  Rocky and sandy thickets in Texas.  Central and Eastern N. America-Quebec to Saskatchewan, New York, Louisiana, Nebraska, and Utah.  A perennial growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is hardy to zone 8. It is in flower in July.  
Warnings: same as above
Edible Uses: Root – raw or boiled. They were often used in a broth. The roots are gathered in spring or autumn. Some caution is advised, if the root is bitter it could be due to the presence of toxic alkaloids
Medicinal Uses: The root is analgesic and antihemorrhagic. It can be chewed or used as a tea to treat chest and back pains, coughs and the spitting up of blood. A decoction of the root is used as a febrifuge for children. A poultice made from the chewed root has been used to treat cut.
(Both the antihemorrhagic {stop bleeding} and analgesic {to stop pain} would be beneficial to anyone with radiation sickness)
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# 51(c)
Common Name: Milkvetch, Licorice Milkvetch
Family: Leguminosae
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ASGL4 Indiania, New York, New Jersey, and Mass.
Appearance and Habitat: Rough grassy and bushy places.  A perennial  growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). It is hardy to zone 3. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October.  It cannot grow in the shade.It requires dry soil.  Much of Europe, including Britain, though rare in the south east to Caucasus.
Edible Uses: The herb is occasionally used as a tea. The root is said to be a liquorice substitute, but certainly not from the point of view of taste.
Medicinal Uses: None
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# 51(d)
Common Name: European milkvetch
Latin Name: Astragalus hamosus
Appearance and Habitat: Dry grassland, semidesert areas in foothills and the low montane belt, on clay, sand, and rock debris.  An annual growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). It is in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from July to September.
Edible Uses: Young seedpods – cooked. They quickly become tough and fibrous. The young seedpods are also used in salads. They have only a mediocre taste, but look very much like certain worms and so are used mainly for their novelty value
Medicinal Uses: The plant is demulcent, emollient, galactogogue and laxative. It is useful in treating irritation of the mucous membranes, nervous affections and catarrh.
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# 51(e)
Common Name: Specklepod Milkvetch, Loco Weed
Latin Name: Astragaljs dphysus (A. lentignosus)
Native American Name: Namadagide (Paiute) (1)
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ASLE8 West of the Rocky Mountains plus Texas
Appearance and Habitat: Sandy plains, messas and rocky slopes in canyons, sometimes on dunes or along sandy roadsides in yucca grassland or pinon or juniper forests, 1500 – 2200 metres.   A perennial. (2) (The flowers are pea-like and either purple or white, the stems are reddish.  The plants I have seen are less than 5 inches in height and up to a foot in circumference.) 
Warnings: Same as above (3) ( This species is also called Loco Weed which has seed in air balloons, when mature, and is poisonous to horses, cattle, and deer won’t eat the foliage. )
Edible Uses: Seed – cooked. Seedpods – raw, cooked or dried for later use. The boiled and salted pods are considered to be a special treat. Roots – raw or cooked. The fleshy roots are eaten fresh.  (4) (When the fruit mature, the seed pods are eggshaped, oval, and hollow, except for the seeds.  The fruits becoming an inch long and 3/4 inch across.)
Medicinal Uses: none known. (5)
Foot Notes:  (1)  Indian Uses of Native Plants by Edith Murphey, page 29,  Publisher: Meyerbooks Copy right 1990; ISBN 0-916638-15-4
Foot Notes: (2, 3, 4, 5 )
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# 51(f)
Common Name: Indian Milkvetch
Latin Name: Astragalus australis
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ASAU4 Northwest including Alaska, south along the Rocky Mountains to include Nevada, Utah, Colorado, and east to include N. and S. Dakota; all of Canada.
Appearance and Habitat: Alpine and sub-alpine knolls and open places in valleys and plains, expecially on limestone. Western N. America – Canada and southwards.  A perennial growing to 0.3 m (1ft).
Edible Uses: Root – cooked. Collected by the Indians in spring as an article of food. This plant is very similar to several poisonous species, so great caution is urged to ensure that the plant is identified properly
Medicinal Uses: none known
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#51(g)
Common Name: Tundra Milkvetch
Latin Name: Astragalus umbellatus
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ASUM2 Alaska and ajoining Canadian provinces.
Appearance and Habitat: Arctic tundra in sandy, stony, mossy, shrubby, and montane tundra, river banks etc.  A perennial growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in).
Edible Uses: Root. No more details are given.
Medicinal Uses: None
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# 52
Common Name: Chinese privet, Japanese privet, European privet
Latin Name: Ligustrum sinense, L. japonicum, L. vulgare
Family: Oleaceae
 
# 52(a)
Common Name: Chinese Privet
Latin Name: Ligustrum sinense
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LISI Atlantic Coast from Texas to Massachuesetts, inland Oklahoma, Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Hawaii.
Much cultivated as a hedge and screen plant in N. America
Appearance and Habitat: An evergreen Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in). It is hardy to zone 3. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower in July, and the seeds ripen in October.   Woodland garden sunny edge, dappled shade, and as a hedge.
Warnings: Same as for Ligustrum japonicum
Edible Uses: None known
Medicinal Uses: The bark is used as an antipyretic (An antipyretic is any medicine that lowers body temperature to prevent or alleviate fever.  They act by causing the hypothlamus to override an interleukin-induced increase in temperature.    I would make a tea from the bark to treat anyone with radiation sickness or a tincture at 1 part dried plant to 5 parts vodka. )
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# 52(b)
Common Name: Japanese privet
Latin Name: Ligustrum japonicum
Range: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIJA Atlantic coast from Texas to Maryland and inland as far as Tennessee.
Appearance and Habitat: An evergreen Shrub growing to 5 m (16ft) by 6 m (19ft). It is hardy to zone 7 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Aug to September.  Woodland garden dappled shade, shady edge, and as a hedge.
Warnings: Although no reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, at least one member of this genus is recorded as being mildly toxic and it is quite possible that other members of the genus also contain toxins.
Edible Uses: The roasted seed is a coffee substitute. Young shoots – cooked. A famine food, used when all else fails. The shoots contain a glycoside and are probably toxic.
Medicinal Uses: The fruit is said to be a nutrient tonic. Extracts of the plant show antibacterial, antiulcer and hypotensive activity.  ( Prepare a tincture from the leaves and fruit and use it on radiation burns. Most likely a 1 part dried plant to 5 parts vodka. )
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# 52(c)
Common Name: European Privet
Latin Name: Ligustrum vulgare
Range:http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIVU All States east of the Mississippi River, except Florida and Mississippi, west of the Mississippi R. Oregon, Montana, Utah, New Mexico, Colorado, Texas, Nebraska, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, and Louisiana.
Appearance and Habitat: An evergreen Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone 4 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan.   It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from Sept. to October.  It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.  It requires dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.  The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.  It can tolerate atmospheric pollution. (once again hedgerows)
Warnings: Poisonous though toxicity is of a very low order and normally the consumption of the fruit leads to vomitig or no symptoms at all.
Edible Uses: None Known
Medicinal Uses: The leaves are astringent, bitter, detergent, vulnerary. Internal use of this plant should be avoided since it can produce allergic symptoms. Externally it is a safe and effective treatment. The bark has been used as a stomachic, though this is not really recommended. (vulnerary- a first aid dressing for wounds and abrasions. Astringent- to stop bleeding.  Once again a tincture at 1:5,  seeing as how this is external, use rubbing alcohol.  Oak bark can also be used as an astringent.)
Reproduced, in part, (as well as previous postings under this title) in accordance with Section 107 of title 17 of the Copyright Law of the United States relating to fair-use and is for the purposes of criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.