Common Name: Blue Vervain, Common Vervain, Verbana
Latin Name : Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida, Glandularia canadensis,Glandularia gooddingii, Verbena bracteata, Verbena hastata, Verbena lasiostachys, Verbena macdougalii, Verbena neomexicana, Verbena officinalis, Verbena plicata, Verbena stricta
Range:http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=GLBIB most western states below S. Dakota (excluding Nevada and Utah, plus Wisconsin, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Alabama, Georgia, several states bordering the Ohio River and lower Mississippi.
California, Oregon, Washington, Colorado, New Mexico, Wisconsin, Michigan, Louisiana, plus south of the Ohio River and east of the lower Mississippi River, plus south of New York and Massachuttes
Photos: (Please look for photos by doing a search on google using the latin name for plants (they are listed in order) that grow in your area. Also check for links at the bottom of the page on usda plants for Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant. This is a very large and wide spread species. )
PFAF lists 3.
Common Name: American Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata).
Appearance and Habitat: Swales, damp thickets and shores in N. America – Nova Scotia and New Brunswick to Florida and from California to British Columbia. A perennial growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in). It is hardy to zone 3. It is in flower from Jul to August.
Edible Uses: Seed – cooked. The seed can be roasted and ground into a powder or used whole as a piñole. Pleasantly bitter, some of this bitterness can be removed by leeching the flour. The leaves are used as a tea substitute.
Medicinal Uses: The leaves and roots are antiperiodic, diaphoretic, emetic, expectorant, tonic, vermifuge and vulnerary. The roots are more active than the leaves. The plant is used in the treatment of stomach aches, gravel, worms and scrofula. An infusion of the roots, leaves or seeds has been used in the early stages of fevers. A snuff made from the dried flowers has been used to treat nose bleeds. http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Verbena+hastata
Common Name: Vervain (Verbena officinalis)
Appearance and Habitat: Waste ground and roadsides, avoiding acid soils and shady positions. Europe, including Britain, from Denmark south and east to N. Africa, W. Asia to the Himalayas. It is a perennial growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). It is hardy to zone 4 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 10-Apr It is in flower from Jul to September, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. (Of coarse we have the species here as well.)
Edible Uses: Leaves – parboiled, seasoned and then eaten. The leaves are used as a tea substitute. The flowers are used as a garnish.
Medicinal Uses: Vervain, which has tonic and restorative properties, is sometimes used as a domestic herbal remedy. It is useful when taken internally in the treatment of headaches, fevers, nervous exhaustion, depression, gall bladder problems, insufficient lactation etc. It should not be given to pregnant women, though it can be used to assist contractions during labour. Externally, it is used to treat minor injuries, eczema, sores, neuralgia and gum disease. The leaves and flowering stems are analgesic, antibacterial, anticoagulant, antispasmodic, astringent, depurative, diaphoretic, mildly diuretic, emmenagogue, galactogogue, stimulant, tonic and vulnerary. The plant is harvested as flowering begins in the summer and dried for later use. Some remarkable results have been obtained when using this plant in the treatment of certain tumours, but further research needs to be carried out before definite claims can be made. The root is astringent, it is used in the treatment of dysentery. This species was ranked 12th in a Chinese survey of 250 potential antifertility plants. The plant is used in Bach flower remedies – the keywords for prescribing it are ‘Strain’, ‘Stress’, ‘Tension’ and ‘Over-enthusiasm’.
Common Name: Hoary Vervain
Appearance and Habitat: Roadsides and other dry open places in Central N. America – Ontario and Ohio to South Dakota and Wyoming, south to Tennessee and Texas. A perennial growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is hardy to zone 4. It is in flower from Jul to August.
Edible Uses: A tea-like beverage has been made from the leaves.
Medicinal Uses: The plant is thought to be specific for fever and ague. An infusion of the leaves has been used in the treatment of stomach aches
(Now for Michael Moore who lists all species above.)
Common Name: Vervain, Blue Vervain, Dormilon
Appearance and Habitat: There are 3 types in the west, Type 1 is a mountainous plant that stands erect with spires of blue to purple flowers starting at the bottom and continuing up the stem. It has toothed leaves and doesn’t branch until mid summer, if then (examples: V. hastata, V. neomexicana, V. macdougalii ). Type 2 a many stemmed flat mat with deeply cleft leaves that are opposite with blue and purple flowers. It can be found at all altitudes (examples: V. bracteata). It can be found in waste places and dry foothills. Type 3 is low spreading species, hairy with deeply cleft leaves, terminal flowers of blue, purple, and sometimes pink. This type resembles the flower garden Verbena. They bloom from mid-spring to fall (examples: G. canadensis, G. binpinnatifida ). This type can be found at elevations from 2,500 to 5,000 feet and is in great abundance in California, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, Texas, New Mexico, and Nevada.
Botanists are beginning to give Verbena its own genus and before long all will be called Glandularia.
Medicinal Uses: Vervain can serve as a sedative, diaphoretic, anti-spasmodic, diuretic, and a bitter tonic. Use all of the low growing types, flowers, stems, foliage, and roots, but the tall upright species, collect only the flowers and leaves. The best time to pick is when it is still in flower and be sure and wash them off before drying. When dry, use as a standard infusion, 1 part dried plant to 32 parts boiling water, allow to cool and set for at least 8 hours, returning the water to the original level before straining out the plant. Use 2 -5 ounces up to 3 times a day. For tinctures, 1 part dried plant to 5 parts 60% alcohol (cheap vodka, do not use rubbing alcohol). Allow this to set for a week before straining out the plant. For the tincture you can use 30 – 90 drops up to 4 times a day. Using larger volumes of Vervain can cause vomiting and nausea. For children, use the lowest dose and cut to 1/4 to 1/2 . Either formula works quite well at the onset of a viral cold. The tea is an effective sedative for insomnia and will settle a upset stomach. Taken at bedtime it has a tendency to soothe the brain and allow a more restful sleep. The tea will also help with bruises and strains by helping to re-absorb blood from ruptured tissues. The tea is also helpful to recovering alcoholics by countering blood sugar imbalances. Vervain tea does have a bad taste which can be over come with the addition of some honey.
Medicinal Plants of the Mountain West by Michael Moore, 2nd Edition, pages 253 – 257, Publisher: Museum of New Mexico Press, copyright 2003, ISBN # 978-0-89013-454-2
Reproduced, in part, (as well as previous postings under this title) in accordance with Section 107 of title 17 of the Copyright Law of the United States relating to fair-use and is for the purposes of criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.